Mental Models Meetings

Two invited symposia on mental models to celebrate Phil Johnson-Laird’s contribution to the psychology of thinking were held at the 6th International Conference on Thinking at Birkbeck University in London on July 3rd-6th, organised by Ruth Byrne.

Symposium 1: Mental Models and Deduction
1. (Symposium Keynote) Marco Ragni, University of Freiburg, Germany
Preferred mental models and the evaluation of consistency
2. Sangeet Khemlani & P.N. Johnson-Laird, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington DC, USA & Princeton University
mReasoner: A unified computational theory of reasoning
3. Csongor Juhos & Ana Cristina Quelhas, ISPA, Portugal
Temporal and spatial reasoning
4. Robert Mackiewicz, Warsaw School of Social Psychology, Poland
Reasoning and numerical ambiguities: a test of the mental model theory’s principle of truth
5. Henry Markovits, University of Québec at Montréal, Canada
Priming the Search for Counterexamples in Children And Adults
6. Pierre Barrouillet & Caroline Gauffroy, University of Geneva, Switzerland
A dual-process approach of the mental model theory concerning conditional reasoning and development
Symposium 2: Mental Models and Everyday Reasoning
1. (Symposium Keynote) Geoff Goodwin, University of Pennsylvania, USA
Mental models of Boolean concept acquisition and representation
2. Markus Knauff, University of Giessen, Germany
Spatial belief revision
3. Monica Bucciarelli, University of Torino, Italy
Moral reasoning in children
4.  Ruth Byrne, Trinity College Dublin, Ireland
Reasoning about intentions
5. Vittorio Girotto & Michel Gonzalez, IUAV University of Venice, Italy
Reasoning about clinical tests
6. Amelia Gangemi, & Francesco Mancini, University of Messina & APC Rome, Italy
How emotions affect reasoning in psychological disorders

An international meeting was held to celebrate Phil Johnson-Laird’s 70th birthday at Trinity College Dublin, University of Dublin, Ireland, March 22-23 2006, organised by Ruth Byrne & Aisling Murray.

Wednesday 22nd March 2006
9.00 Byrne, R. Trinity College Dublin, University of Dublin, Ireland
9:30 Girotto, V. and Pighin, S. IUAVUniversity of Venice and University of Trento, Italy
Focussing effects in counterfactual thinking
10.00 Legrenzi, P. and Sonino-Legrenzi, M. IUAV University of Venice, Italy
Johnson-Laird’s theory on creativity: Evidence and comments
11.00 Barouillet, P. and Lecas, J. F.University of Bourgogne, France
Reasoning about, and reasoning from, conditionals are two different processes but they rely on the same mental models representation
11.30 Evans, J. Handley, S. and Over, D.University of Plymouth, UK
Individual differences in the mental representation of conditional sentences
12.00 Schroyens, W. and Schaeken, W.University of Leuven, Belgium
SSCEPPTRE and other models of conditional reasoning by model
12.30 LUNCH
2.30 Thompson, V.  University of Saskatchewan, Canada
What can we believe about belief-bias?
3.00 Mackiewicz, R.  Warsaw School of Social Psychology, Poland
Reasoning or reacting to probabilities? A comparison of the mental models and probabilistic accounts of conditional reasoning
3.30 Knauff, M.  University of Freiburg, Germany
Visual images can be a nuisance in reasoning: Evidence from behavioural studies and fMRI
4.30 Oatley, K.University of Toronto, Canada
Externalization of mental models: The case for maps and the case for writing
5.00 Ormerod, T. University of Lancaster, UK
Constructing and testing models in a world of deception and dishonesty
5.30 Bucciarelli, M. and Johnson-Laird, P. N.Center for Cognitive Science, University of Torino, Italy and Princeton University, USA
Illusions in deontic reasoning

Thursday 23rd March 2006
9.00 García-Madruga, J., Carriedo, N. and Moreno-Rios, S.UNED Madrid, and University of Granada, Spain
What do “unless” conditionals teach us about human reasoning?
9.30 McCloy, R. University of Reading, UK
Understanding cumulative risk
10.00 Mancini, F. and Gangemi, A.Association of Cognitive Psychology (APC), Rome and University of Cagliari, Italy
Guilt and reasoning
11.00 Poster session
12.30 LUNCH
2.30 Vandierendonck, A.Ghent University, Belgium
On reasoning with family relations
3.00 van der Henst, J-B. and Schaeken, W.Institute for Cognitive Science, Lyon, France and University of Leuven, Belgium
The wording of conclusions in relational reasoning
3.30 Walsh, C., Hasson, U. and Johnson-Laird, P. N.University of Plymouth, UK, University of Chicago, and Princeton University, USA
A change of mind
4.30 Tabossi, P.University of Trieste, Italy
The identification and comprehension of idiomatic expressions
5.00 Garnham, A. and Cowles, W.University of Sussex, UK and University of Florida, USA
JANUS – a mental models based account of coreferential NP anaphor processing
5.30 Sloutsky, V Ohio State University, USA
Minimalist representation of premises: Evidence from memory and comprehension
6.00 Johnson-Laird, P. N. Princeton University, USA
Unconscious reasoning

Programme for Posters
1. Cowley, M. and Byrne, R. University of Southampton, UK and Trinity College Dublin, University of Dublin, Ireland
Falsification and alternative hypotheses in the 2-4-6 task
2. Egan, S. and Byrne, R. Mary Immaculate College, Limerick, and Trinity College Dublin, University of Dublin, Ireland
Deductive reasoning from counterfactual conditionals
3. Espino, O., Santamaria, C. and Byrne, R. University of La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain and University of Dublin, Trinity College, Ireland
True and false possibilities in conditionals and biconditional sentences
4. Frosch, C. Trinity College Dublin, University of Dublin, Ireland
How we revise our beliefs about enabling conditions
5. Geiger, S. University of Potsdam, Germany
Paraphrasing conditionals and disjunctions – does it reveal the meaning of conditionals?
6. Jahn, G. Chemnitz University of Technology, Germany
Spatial relational reasoning with mental models
7. Juhos, Cs. and Quelhas, A. C. ISPA, Lisbon, Portugal
Priming with everyday conditionals
8. Lee, N. Y. L. Goodwin, G. P and Johnson-Laird, P.N Princeton University, USA
The psychology of Su Doku problems
9. McEleney, A. Northumbria University, UK
The meanings of conditional and causal statements
10. Murray, A. and Byrne, R. Trinity College Dublin, University of Dublin, Ireland
Reasoning with insight problems
11. Pereda-Banos, A. Garavan, H. and Byrne, R. Trinity College Dublin, University of Dublin, Ireland
Attention and reasoning
12. Ragni, M. University of Freiburg, Germany
A computational model for reasoning with spatial mental models.
13. Tasso, A. and Cherubini, P. University of Padua and University of Milan-Bicocca, Italy
Truth and assertability conditions of factual, and counterfactual conditionals
14. Bara, B. G. Center for Cognitive Science, University of Torino, Italy
Embodiment of intentions
15. Cherubini, P. and Bianchi, A. University of Milan-Bicocca, Italy
Mental models and matching bias explain performance in a complex version of Wason’s selection task better than information gain theory
16. Stupple, E. J. N. and Ball, L. J. University of Derby and Lancaster University, UK
Inspection-time analysis of syllogistic reasoning processes in the evaluation paradigm
17. Steingold, G. Education Development Center, MA, USA
Models and beginnings of algebraic thinking in young children
18. Yang, Y. Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, New York, USA
A mental model method accounting for schema weights
19. Bonnefon, J. F., Eid, M., Vautier, S. and Jmel, S. Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, France, University of Geneva, Switzerland and University of Toulouse, France
Individual differences in pragmatic modulation: a latent class approach to reasoning with conditional arguments


The proceedings of this meeting were published in the following book:

Schaeken, W., Vandierendonck, A., Schroyens, W., and d’Ydewalle, G.  (Editors). (2007).  The Mental Models Theory of Reasoning: Refinements and Extensions.  Mahwah: New Jersey, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.


The proceedings of this meeting were published in the following book:

García-Madruga, J., Carriedo, N. & González-Labra, M. J. (Editors). (2000). Mental Models in Reasoning. Madrid: UNED


The proceedings of this meeting were published in the following book:

OakhilL, J. and Garnham, A. (Editors). ((1996). Mental Models in Cognitive Science: Essays in honour of Phil Johnson-Laird. Hove, UK: Erlbaum, Taylor & Francis.

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